Thank You Messages from Students 2018-19


Ashley Berland ’19

 

Japan’s Brand of Entrepreneurship: A Contemporary Look at Its Development and Modern Manifestation

 

Thank you so much for your donation, which helped with my thesis research. As an East Asian Studies major with a Certificate in Entrepreneurship, I have been studying how entrepreneurship manifests in Japan, in contrast with common Western models of the concept. With your generous support, I was able to take my first trip to Japan to study first-hand the modern representations of and opinions regarding entrepreneurship, focusing on two economic hubs, Tokyo and Osaka. This has allowed me to better understand Japan’s culture and economic development, as well as further an alternative theory of the interpretation of entrepreneurship in Japan, shifting from Western "cultural destruction" to more of a "cultural advancement." The term “cultural destruction” refers to an entrepreneurial concept that within an business environment, through the efforts of entrepreneurs, new companies are created to “destroy” (replace) the existing companies, thus creating an iterative cycle of new company development (very common to Western models of entrepreneurship). Cultural “advancement,” on the other hand, is my explanation of Japan’s model: in a tradition-bound culture where the business focus is on the organization rather than the individual, the new companies that are created do not end up replacing the companies, but are rather incorporated by or dwarfed by the existing, established business, changing their primary focus from industry dominance to industry advancement. Thank you so much for allowing me to pursue a project of academic and personal interest through enabling the opportunity for a key component of my research and an amazing experience.

 

Christian Bischoff ’19

 

Invisible Cities: Photographic Historiography and the Archive as Artistic Practice after the Lebanese Civil War (1975-1990

 

Thank you so much for your generous donation, which helped to fund my thesis research. I’m a history major, and I’ve just completed a thesis titled “Invisible Cities: Photographic Historiography and Art as Archive after the Lebanese Civil War” The thesis traces how photography and art were used to piece together narratives of the Lebanese Civil War in the absence of an official state history of the war. With your support, I was able travel to Beirut to complete research at the Arab Image Foundation, an incredibly cutting edge archive that collects photos from throughout the Arab world. While I was in Beirut, I was also able to interview some of the foremost artists working in Lebanon today, as well as several professors at the American University of Beirut. The trip was absolutely vital for my research, and became the cornerstone of my thesis. Thank you so much for supporting research at Princeton! They’re well aware of who he is and he interacts with them regularly, but I’m guessing he’d be especially surprised if they were to salute hi on

 

Nicolette D’Angelo ’19

 

?στερικ?ς σφ?ς α?τ?ς ?νομ?ζουσιν: Re-Reading the “Hysterical” Women of the Ancient Medical Writers

 

I would like to express my deepest gratitude to the Class of 1955 for supporting my senior thesis in Classics and Gender and Sexuality Studies. My project, "Hysteria as Metaphor: Re-reading the Ancient Medical Writers’ Women," focuses on the history of hysteria from Hippocrates to Freud. To fully survey this long chain of receptions, I traveled to England to survey in-person a variety of primary sources from ancient Greek medical papyri, as well as to access secondary sources on the Western reception of hysteria such as the collections in The Freud Museum of London. I was also able to purchase a certain number of books relevant to my field which will foster my continued study of ancient medicine in Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar. So many thanks!

 

Noah Hastings ’19

 

Chasing Splendid Eccentrics: Robert Hamilton, Khirbat al-Mafjar, and Islamic Archaeology

 

Thank you very much for supporting my senior thesis research. With your generous gift I was able to conduct archival work at both the Getty Research Institute in Los Angeles and the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford to study unpublished notes and correspondence. My project as part of the Department of Near Eastern Studies and Program in Archaeology centers on the role of the British Mandate of Palestine (1920-1948) in shaping Islamic archaeology. Specifically, its focus is the administrative and academic work and relationships of English civil servant and scholar R.W. Hamilton (1905-1995), who directed the Department of Antiquities in Palestine and later served as Keeper of Antiquities at the Ashmolean. Having access to the collection of his documents in England enabled me to analyze the details of a crucial, yet understudied, episode in the larger story of archaeology.

 

Myrial Holbrook ’19

 

Traveling in Picaresque Company: Mark Twain, the Picaros, and the Art of Interruption

 

Thank you so much for supporting me in my thesis research. Because of your generosity, I was able to travel to the Dickens Museum in London and the Mark Twain Project at University of California, Berkeley to examine primary source archival material for my Comparative Literature thesis on the afterlives of the classic Spanish picaresque novel in the works of Dickens and Twain. I cannot tell you how magical it was to be able to get up close and personal with Dickens’ and Twains’ works and libraries. I uncovered so much material, particularly in the wealth of unpublished works housed at both archives, that has proven instrumental to my thesis. I was also able to connect with other librarians and researchers who have the same passion for these two authors. I can unreservedly say that your funding of my research trip made my thesis sparkle. The things I learned and the people I met in the course of my travels will inspire me for years to come. After submitting my thesis and graduating from Princeton, I will be heading to Cambridge to undertake further literary study in graduate school. My thesis experience was a determining factor for me in deciding to pursue a career in literature. Thank you so much for providing me with the means to begin achieving my dreams of becoming a scholar and writer!

 

Catherine Jennings ’19

 

The Making of a Magdalene: Caravaggio’s Reconfiguration of Mary Magdalene’s Image in Counter-Reformation Painting

 

Thank you so much for your generous donation to my thesis research! For my thesis in the History of Art program of the Art and Archaeology Department, I explored Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio’s (otherwise known as “Caravaggio”) paintings of Saint Mary Magdalene. With your support, I was able to fly to Detroit to see Caravaggio’s Conversion of Mary Magdalene and study this piece in person. This painting alone is the subject of an entire chapter of my thesis, and thus was integral to the research process. Moreover, I was able to travel to Paris to see the Caravaggio in Rome exhibit at the Jacquemart-Andre Museum, where I got the once in a lifetime chance to see some of Caravaggio’s most important pieces displayed together. This included Caravaggio’s Ecstasy of Mary Magdalene, which belongs to a private collector and is rarely on public display. Afterwards, I traveled to Rome to see other important pieces featuring Mary Magdalene like Caravaggio’s Penitent Magdalene and Entombment. While I was there, I also saw just about every other work by Caravaggio on display in Roman museums and chapels. Studying these works in person and seeing other Italian representations of Mary Magdalene around them was absolutely central to my thesis research and the development of my argument, and I am sincerely grateful for the aid of the Class of 1955!

 

Devin Kilpatrick ’19

 

Sojourners from Central America: A Study of Contemporary Migrants & Migration from Guatemala to the United States

 

I am deeply thankful to have received funding from the Fifty Five Fund for Senior Research. I elected to write my Sociology and Latin American Studies thesis on Guatemalan deportees, and I used the funding to travel to Guatemala to interview deported Guatemalans. I identified the deportees through connections I made on the ground in Guatemala as well as through connections here in the town of Princeton; some local residents have family or friends that had to return to Guatemala.

 

One of the moments I remember most vividly is when one of the interview participants told me about his harrowing experience crossing the US/Mexico border. He had travelled by bus from the bottom of Mexico to the northern border, but had to make the final crossing by swimming across the Rio Grande River. The interviewee described how he had been chased to the river by members of an organized crime unit (he said a gang) that were based in the border town he had stopped to rest in before attempting to cross. There are many news articles that talk about the harrowing experiences migrants have as they seek to reach the US, but to hear it firsthand from someone I was interviewing made me realize just how dangerous crossing the border is for Guatemalans who decide to migrate to the United States.

 

Thanks to my on-the-ground experience, I am able to write a more in-depth thesis that is framed by the time

I spent in Guatemala and the people I interviewed. Your generous support has enabled me to do more at Princeton than I had ever dreamed of undertaking!

 

 

Chitra Kumar ’19

 

#AbortoLegalYa: Analyzing the History of Abortion in Argentina and Its Political, Legal, and Clinical Consequences

 

Thank you so much for supporting me with my thesis research!  I am in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese, and am pursuing certificates in Latin American Studies and South Asian Studies. (I’m also a pre-medicine student!)  I spent the year exploring the current situation around abortion in Argentina right now, considering they had a strong legalizing abortion movement last year that came really close to passing in the Senate. I spent time a week in Argentina during intersession and met with sociologists, activists, and other people part of the different women’s organizations to get a sense of what steps they are taking now, to understand the two sides of the debate (supporting and opposing abortion), to figure out why legalizing abortion is so important to them (quantitatively with the number of abortions happening and qualitatively with how it affects women). I also used the time there to witness marches on the streets and to figure out what the situation for women in general is like right now. All of this would not have been possible without the support from the Class of 1955. Getting a sense to experience all of that in Argentina instead of just read about it on the news was amazing!

 

 

Rachel Linfield ’19 

 

A Bundle of Sadness: Medicalization of Postpartum Depression

 

Thank you so much for supporting my senior thesis research! I wrote my senior thesis on the history of postpartum depression in America in the 1980s. Postpartum depression was ignored for a large portion of the 20th century by the medical profession. In the 1980s, feminists and psychiatrists worked together to help change the discourse surrounding depression in new mothers, and pushed for medical recognition of the disease. With your generous donation, I spent a week in Santa Barbara, California sorting through the archives of one of the pioneers of the postpartum depression support groups, and then also spent a week in the American Psychiatric Association Archives in Washington, DC. These two research opportunities were crucial in helping me develop my thesis. After I graduate from Princeton, I am going to continue my research into postpartum depression through an M.Phil. in Health, Medicine, and Society at University of Cambridge. Thank you so much for all of your generosity!

 

 

Jamie O’Leary ’19

 

Duma Doyal Ci Maam Maryaama: Ins and Outs of Gendered Embodiment in a Senegalese Daara

 

I want to extend my sincerest thanks for your generous donation to my thesis work. Thanks to you, I was able to purchase a video camera, microphone, and tripod to add a visual ethnography component to my anthropology thesis. I studied how the figure of Mary impacts gender and embodiment in a small Sufi Quranic school in Senegal where dance and music are an essential part of Quranic study and worship. The video camera has allowed me to share this community’s incredible original music with my audience in a way that I never could have done with words alone, and the videos I took are a wonderful gift to give back to the community that hosted me. This was also my first experience with filmmaking, and it has been an incredibly valuable experience – I am thinking of pursuing visual ethnography in graduate school now! Now the camera has been donated to the Anthropology department’s new VisE (visual ethnography) lab, where it has already been enjoyed by many other students and will be for many years to come. I am extremely grateful for the funding and the way it has enhanced my research and my fieldwork experience. I have attached a video clip of a song entitled “Maam Maryaama Woy Nga Jaddu Na (Grandmother Mary, Singing to You is Befitting).”  The song is about the importance of singing and music to the emulation and embodiment of Mary.

 

Camden Olson ’19

 

Service Dog Tales: A Tri-fold Study Investigating Diabetic Alert Dog Accuracy, the Use of Animal-Assisted Therapy to

Address Executive Functioning Skills, and the Function of Calming Signals in Service Dog Puppies

 

I want to take the time to thank you for contributing to and supporting my senior thesis research as well as give you an update about how my thesis work is progressing. My thesis consists of three parts: assessing the efficacy of diabetic alert dogs (DADs), looking at how middle school students’ executive functioning skills change after participation in an after-school program where they learn how to train service dogs, and exploring the relationship between human connection and confidence in future guide dog puppies.

 

My thesis work has been progressing very well. As part of my research on diabetic alert dogs, I trained a diabetic alert dog myself. His name is Koa, and I trained him to alert to low and high blood sugar levels. Over winter break, he was placed with a Type 1 diabetic teenager where he has been alerting at over 80% accuracy. I also collaborated with Dogs4Diabetics, a diabetic alert dog organization, to gather more statistics about diabetic alert dog accuracy. Analysis of the data shows that DADs reach around 80% accuracy. Additionally, DADs have more missed alerts at night and in the car, but have fewer missed alerts when out in public.

 

For my after-school program, I successfully taught four sessions of my after-school program teaching middle school students how to train service dogs. The students love the program. One student said it was “the best part of middle school.” I created this 9-week curriculum to teach 6th graders about interacting with and training dogs, educates students about service dogs, and works on improving executive functioning and socio-emotional skills such as emotional regulation and problem solving. Students showed significant increases in happiness and executive functioning skills after participation in the program. Parental evaluation of the students did not show the same results, suggesting that the program makes students more confident.

 

Sarah Pacilio ’19

 

Explaining Regional Variation in Health Care Access for Undocumented Migrants: Sweden

 

I am incredibly grateful for your generous donation! My thesis looks at factors that impact undocumented migrants’ access to healthcare in regions across Sweden. Because of this grant, I was able to travel to three cities in Sweden, Gothenburg Malmö, and Stockholm, and interview civil servants and NGO employees in order to contextualize and further my research. It was extremely helpful to be able to have these in-person conversations and see the facilities in which they work. The work I did while there was incredibly informative and helped me to think about the many facets of my research on healthcare access for undocumented migrants. For example, I had not considered the impacts on vulnerable EU migrant groups such as the Roma, who are consistently discriminated against and denied heath care services because of their inability to "prove" their undocumented status. This will give my thesis a more nuanced approach to the issue, and I am very grateful for those who pointed me in this direction. I also gained access to some important data on government spending for undocumented migrants that I will use to provide a comparative analysis. Overall, it was an incredibly successful trip and I am so grateful I was given this opportunity. I have both learned a ton about how to conduct a large-scale research project as well as contributed to literature on healthcare access variation for undocumented migrants. Thank you so much for supporting my project, it has been a wonderful learning experience and has given me a chance to deepen my research!

 

 

Jason West ’19

 

Writing a Path Forward: Paulette Nardal, Suzanne Césaire and the Future of Martinique

 

I’d like to thank the Class of ’55 for their support of my senior thesis. I am a concentrator in the French Department and am pursuing a Certificate in Global Health and Health Policy. My research project focuses on amplifying many of the voices, particularly those of women’s activists in the French Caribbean, that are incredibly important to the history of colonization and departmentalization involving France but have not received sufficient attention in the literature. With the backing of the Fifty Five Fund, I was able to travel to the island of Martinique, one of three departments of France in the Caribbean basin, and access several political publications in the National Archives written by individuals like Suzanne Césaire who were intimately involved in the discourses on departmentalization. Additionally, this was an incredible opportunity for me to learn about the history of the land, people and places in Martinique firsthand such that I could incorporate that perspective into my thesis. Doing this work has brought me closer to my goal of centering some of the hidden voices in the history of the Caribbean. Thank you very much for aiding me in developing this project.

 

 

Sophie Wheeler ’19

 

(Re)Constructing Tohoku: Iterations of Tabi in Post-March 11th, Tohoku Japan

 

Thank you for supporting me in my senior thesis research. For my East Asian Studies thesis, I wrote a book on the agriculture and tourist networks in tsunami-afflicted towns in Northeast Japan after the March 11th, 2011 triple disaster. Integral to my research was the fieldwork and interviews I conducted in several towns in Japan—Rikuzentakata, Kesennuma, and Ishinomak—which was made possible with the funding provided to me. This immersive experience deepened my research, while also connecting me to communities through which I plan to maintain contact with and continue researching. Thank you for your help!

 

  1. 3/11/2011 is known as a triple disaster because a massive earthquake of 9.0 which shook Northeast Japan triggered a massive tsunami that hit the East Coast of Japan, and also caused the nuclear core meltdown of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant.

     

  2. I choose these particular places to study because of a previous research program that focused on Northeast Japan. I interviewed people that I had connections through my professors and through a local tourism agency.

     

  3. My presence was incredibly important for understanding the reality of reconstruction efforts and seeing the landscape for myself, as that area of Japan suffers heavily from depopulation and only 1% of tourists travel there. As my research surrounded exploring local tourism and the divergence between image and reality, my immersion into the environment was necessary for me to understand daily life there and tie it to previous academic research.

 

 

Tamar Willis ’19

 

Perceptions and Rejections of Pop, Pornography, and Americanization in the Art of Tom Wesselmann

               

Thank you so much for helping to support my senior thesis research in Art History. I am writing my thesis on the work of Tom Wesselmann (1931-2004), exploring the harmonies and discrepancies between the intentions behind is work and the content he presented. His family maintains his estate in New York City, where they have archives of newspaper clippings, correspondences, and the artist’s writings. I was able to visit the archives and meet some of his family members (his wife and children) this past January. Much of Wesselmann’s work is materially peculiar, and requires in-person viewing in order to properly assess it. He worked in all different media, including collage and sculpture; however, I mostly am writing about his paintings. Wesselmann’s works are not always just small flat paintings on a canvas—many of them are large scale, made of materials such as plastic or metal, and some are also created on shaped canvases rather than your standard quadrilateral ones. With the funding I received from the Fifty Five Fund, I was able to travel to Paris and Monaco in order to experience an exhibition at the New National Museum of Monaco which displayed 25 of his works. Experiencing Wesselmann’s works in person was absolutely instrumental to my understanding of the artist, and was invaluable in the formulation of my argument. Seeing his work in person allows me to comment on the formal aspects of his works, which I wouldn’t quite understand without seeing them, for example, what the effect or significance of scale or materials has on his works. For that, I thank you so much!

 

 

Tea Wimer ’19

 

“Make me love a stranger!”: Connecting Family and Community in an LGBTQ+ Church

 

Thank you very much for your generous support of my thesis research project. With the support of the Class

of 1955, I was able to conduct a four-month ethnography with an MCC church–Metropolitan Community Church, a mainline Protestant denomination started for and by LGBTQ+ identifying individuals–in one of the surrounding metropolitan regions, investigating (1) identity formation as it relates to family for subjects who find themselves at the perceived fault-line between secular queer notions of chosen family and the conservative Christian emphasis on "family values" and family of origin, undergirded by many of the traditional American protestant denominations, asking how and why religious LGBTQ+ individuals make and maintain family; (2) how family is made within a church community, and then (3) if, how, and why church members of Guiding Light MCC are compelled to do social and community action as individuals and as a church community, given UFMCC’s emphasis on social action through theological implications.

 

 

Reuben Zeiset ’19

 

The Versus Populum of Sacred Forms: Church Architecture in Twentieth Century Germany

 

Thank you so much for your support of my thesis research! Because of your generosity, I was able to travel to Germany in order to engage with and document the modern churches of Rudolf Schwarz. This experience enabled me to write more clearly about the buildings, with which I had extremely valuable firsthand experience. The opportunity to be in these spaces and to document them was a great privilege: my week in Germany gave me a wealth of visual material and a deeper understanding of Schwarz’s designs which would have been impossible without your support. Thank you for your generosity and for giving students like me these opportunities and experiences to further our research!

 

 

 


Grant Recipients 2018-19     

Including concentration and certificate programs and abstracts.

 

Ashley Berland ’19

                Department:  East Asian Studies

Thesis Title:  Japan’s Brand of Entrepreneurship: A Contemporary Look at Its Development and Modern Manifestation

                Advisor:  Federico Marcon

 

Megan Berry ’19

                Department:  Anthropology

                Certificate Program:  Program in Gender and Sexuality Studies

Thesis Title:  Staging Queer Lives: An Ethnographic Exploration

                Advisor:  Elizabeth Davis

                Abstract:  What makes theatre so fruitful and meaningful as a venue of queer representation? And why does it matter? By exploring my own experiences as a queer theatre maker working on a production of Fun Home here at Princeton, as well as speaking with artists from New York, I hope to investigate these questions, incorporating anthropological ideas of liminality and ritual, theory on the narrative formation of the self, and, of course, some traditional gender theory.

 

Christian Bischoff ’19

                Department:  History

                Certificate Program:  Near Eastern Studies Program

Thesis Title:  Invisible Cities: Photographic Historiography and the Archive as Artistic Practice after the Lebanese Civil War (1975-1990)

                Advisor:  Max Weiss

 

Debopriyo Biswas ’19

                Department:  Physics

Thesis Title:  Line Graph Lattice Implementation in Circuit Quantum Electrodynamics Using Three-dimensional Cavities

                Advisor:  Andrew Houck

                Abstract:  The electronic band structure of a solid describes the allowed energies of the electrons which arise from the periodicity of a solid lattice. Electronic band gaps are interesting because they occur in discrete, periodic materials — a free electron gas would not ex hibit band gaps, but electrons in a periodic potential may have gapped energy bands – so the band gap can be exploited to build semiconductor devices. However, chemistry limits the lattice geometries available in nature and therefore constrains the range of measurable electronic band structures. A similar band structure that can be studied is the photonic energy band that arises from trapping photons in photonic lattices made in circuit quantum electrodynamics. We can observe novel band structures in these arti?cial lattices and study changes introduced by nonlinearities such as photon-photon interactions mediated by superconducting qubits. A good starting point for such quantum simulation experiments is a lattice without photon-photon interactions. This thesis introduces the ?eld of quantum simulation and the study of the photonic Kagome lattice, which is made of three-dimensional microwave cavity resonators. These cavity resonators are a suitable platform for band structure quantum simulation because of their relatively low loss at room tempera ture, ease of fabrication, and high coupling strength to other nonlinear elements. Two types of microwave cavities are studied: rectangular cavities and quarter-wave coaxial resonators. The resonant modes and coupling parameters of cavity resonators are characterized, and the lattice band structure is explained using line graph theorems. Measurements from the Kagome lattice are reported and the methods of analyzing such measurements are explained. The experiments performed have implications for quantum simulation of solid state physics.

 

Grace Cordsen ’19

                Department:  Art and Archaeology

Thesis Title:  The Art of the Toilette by Manet, Morisot, and Seurat

                Advisor:  Bridget Alsdorf

 

Julia Cury ’19

                Department:  Art and Archaeology

                Certificate Program:  Humanities Council and Humanistic Studies Program

Thesis Title:  A Curated Life: Adolph De Meyer’s Self-Fashioning into a Celebrity

                Advisor:  Anne McCauley

 

Nicolette D’Angelo ’19

                Department:  Classics

                Certificate Program:  Program in Gender and Sexuality Studies

Thesis Title:  ?στερικ?ς σφ?ς α?τ?ς ?νομ?ζουσιν: Re-Reading the “Hysterical” Women of the Ancient Medical Writers

                Advisor:  Melissa Haynes

 

Melissa De Queredo ’19

                Department:  Spanish and Portuguese

Thesis Title:  Ni De Aqui´, Ni De Alla´: How The US/Mexico Border is Shaping Its Own Transnational Identity in the Age of Political Nationalism

                Advisor:  Javier Guerrero

 

Lloyd Feng ’19

                Department:  Art and Archaeology

Thesis Title:  “Where the Universe Sings”: An Assessment of Lawren Harris’s Nationalism and Spirituality in His Art

                Advisor:  Rachael DeLue

 

Susan Guo ’19

                Department:  School of Architecture

Thesis Title:  An Argument against Elasticity

                Advisor:  Cameron Wu

Noah Hastings ’19

                Department:  Near Eastern Studies

Thesis Title:  Chasing Splendid Eccentrics: Robert Hamilton, Khirbat al-Mafjar, and Islamic Archaeology

                Advisor:  Marina Rustow

 

Amanda Haye ’19

                Department:  Psychology

Thesis Title:  Mossy Fibers from Adult-generated Neurons in the Dentate Gyrus More Frequently Contact Hilar Interneurons Surrounded by Intense Perineuronal Nets

                Advisor:  Elizabeth Gould

                Abstract:  In the present study, we aimed to research whether there was any significant relationship between hippocampal adult-born neurons’ maturation and perineuronal nets in the dorsal hippocampus. The dentate gyrus of the hippocampus is one of the only places in the mammalian brain in which adult neurogenesis takes place. Additionally, perineuronal nets (PNNs) have been implicated in the regulation of synaptic plasticity across different brain regions. The experiments that follow are investigations of the possible relationship that PNNs may have with adult-born neurons. Initially, we injected the dentate gyrus of adult mice with a CAG-GFP retrovirus in order to label new neurons with GFP and perfused the mice at three weeks and six weeks after the injection. To verify the results of this initial experiment, we then used the protein isoform 3RTau to label new neurons. Confocal imaging of parvalbumin (PV)-positive interneurons in the hilus revealed a significant positive correlation between Wisteria floribunda agglutinin (WFA) labeling of perineuronal net intensity and both GFP and 3RTau intensities. The significant positive correlation between GFP and WFA was only present in the mice that were perfused six weeks after injection with the retrovirus. Additionally, we found that PV-positive interneurons without PNNs had significantly lower GFP and 3RTau mean intensities surrounding the cell surface than interneurons positive for PNNs. These results suggest that there is a relationship between the PNNs and adult-born neurons that has influence over their growth and is time-sensitive. Keywords: dorsal hippocampus, perineuronal nets (PNNs), adult neurogenesis, parvalbumin, extracellular matrix

 

Maria Heredia-Meza ’19

                Department:  Spanish and Portuguese

                Certificate Program:  Latin American Studies Program

Thesis Title:  “Filmar a imagem do povo e devolvê-la ao povo”: National Image and Memory through Cinema in Mozambique

                Advisor:  Nicola T. Cooney

 

Jonah Herzog-Arbeitman ’19

                Department:  Physics

Thesis Title:  Phase Transitions of Two-Dimensional Crystals in a Magnetic Field: Topological Perspectives on the Hofstadter Problem

                Advisor:  Andrei Bernevig

                Abstract:  This thesis studies the electronic properties of 2d crystals in a perpendicular magnetic ?eld using the tools of topological band theory. The energy spectrum of the system as it evolves adiabatically under increasing ?ux is known as the “Hofstadter Butter?y,” a complex, fractal structure that is not captured by continuum descriptions or perturbative calculations. Motivated by this inadequacy, we develop a characterization of Hofstadter insulators via their zero ?eld topology, which is readily calculable. We study a number of tight binding models, deriving their Hofstadter Hamiltonians and performing numerical experiments to understand what properties may protect a conducting phase transition, i.e. a valence band being lifted up to the Fermi energy at a critical value of the magnetic ?eld. After outlining the relevant terminology and computational tools from topological band theory, as well as exemplifying them with analyses of some toy models, we present a simple proof of gap closing in Chern insulators using the magnetic translation group. From the numerics, we see that a nonzero Chern number is not always necessary, and we prove a stronger characterization of magnetic phase transitions using inversion symmetry. This result anticipates extensions. In the ?nal section, we study the fragile topology of bilayer graphene and demonstrate which symmetries protect a gapless phase in magnetic ?eld.

 

Myrial Holbrook ’19

                Department:  Comparative Literature

Thesis Title:  Traveling in Picaresque Company: Mark Twain, the Picaros, and the Art of Interruption

                Advisors:  Tamsen Wolff; Marina Brownlee

                Abstract:  Mark Twain’s first book, The Innocents Abroad (1869), tends to be neglected by modern readers, despite remaining his most popular book throughout his lifetime. Prominent Twain scholars Robert Gray Bruce and Hamlin Hill once belittled it as a “patchwork scissors-and-paste job.” The Mark Twain Project, over fifty years after its founding, has yet to publish a critical edition of Innocents. Like most of Twain’s early writings, Innocents tends to be seen as unduly interruptive, utterly unclassifiable, and valuable only when read as a primitive predecessor to his novels. I propose that to appreciate it historically and literarily, we must first venture further back in the Western canon to the classic Spanish picaresque. Innocents, I argue, can be read as what Alexander Blackburn terms the “symbolic picaresque.” In short, it constitutes “travel-picaresque” in the modal, rather than generic, sense. I focus my study on interruption, which both covers up and stripteases divides between author and narrator, writer and reader, and fact and fiction. In the picaresque, interruptions constitute art, but in Innocents, they are cursorily dismissed as defects. In my comparison of these works, I examine three types of interruption — asides, tangents, and interpolations — with the goal of redeeming interruption as art and Innocents itself as a meaningful, relevant text for readers today.

 

Catherine Jennings ’19

                Department:  Art and Archaeology

Thesis Title:  The Making of a Magdalene: Caravaggio’s Reconfiguration of Mary Magdalene's Image in Counter-Reformation Painting

                Advisor:  Carolina Mangone

               

Abstract:  Rather than reading Caravaggio’s body of work through a biographical lens, I will approach it through a close analysis of the visual material. Specifically, I focus on his Penitent Magdalene, Conversion of Mary Magdalene, Entombment of Christ, and the Death of the Virgin. Before now, these works have not been studied in relation to one another. My study centers on these painting, images in which Mary Magdalene is the primary subject or a key figure in the scene, investigating how Caravaggio conceives of the Magdalene as a complex religious figure worthy of a variety of innovative treatments in familiar subjects

Christine Jeong ’19

                Department:  Woodrow Wilson School

                Certificate Program:  Center for Statistics and Machine Learning

Thesis Title:  “Crisis Averted”: Newspaper Articles as Predictors of Interstate Conflicts between 1988 – 2007

                Advisor:  Jacob Shapiro

Conner Johnson ’19

                Department:  French and Italian

Thesis Title:  A Paradigmatic Shift in Language Planning Theory: Three Case Studies

                Advisors:  F. Nick Nesbitt; Christine Sagnier

 

Sonia Joseph ’19

                Department:  Neuroscience

                Certificate Program:  Creative Writing Program

Thesis Title:  Polly

                Advisor:  Aleksandar Hemon

                Abstract:  A memoir of my father.

 

Noshin Khan ’19

                Department:  School of Architecture

Thesis Title:  Images of Consumption: The Architecture of Gender in Post 9/11 Dubai

                Advisors:  Spyros Papapetros; M. Christine Boyer

                Abstract:  After 9/11, the Muslim world became subject to heightened international scrutiny. The UAE was already on the rise in the 90s as a transportation and trade center, but the Western divestment of Arab capital and redirection of regional wealth gave Dubai the spark it needed to develop into the “city of spectacle” we know it as today. Rapid development, architectural competitions, and masterplan proposals engendered an image-obsessed Dubai that seeks to be noticed. Through various media, Dubai was carefully created and neatly narrated to be a utopia with luxurious shopping opportunities, packaged experiences, and must-see artificial and man-made structures. Specifically, for women, Dubai has branded itself to be a welcoming, tolerant sanctuary that liberates and publicizes women who, in large numbers, come from countries with strict gender segregation and clothing rules. Specifically, mega-malls started to become more prominent and numerous in the UAE; its scale and spectacular nature render the mall as one of the few public spaces in the Muslim Arab world urban typology, making women more public as well. With many more men than women in its population, Dubai actually disproportionately displays more women in its visual media and in its framed narrative than men. With all eyes on the Muslim world on its financial transactions, political policies, and social treatment of women (with the veil and Islamic treatment of women frequently weaponized by the West in a post-9/11 epoch), Dubai’s liberal image and publicization of the woman is hardly a coincidence. Dubai’s consumer culture via retail and tour packages reflect a new movement in a globalizing world in which spaces become spectacles that are to be consumed as images.

 

Devin Kilpatrick ’19

                Department:  Sociology

                Certificate Program:  Latin American Studies Program

Thesis Title:  Sojourners from Central America: A Study of Contemporary Migrants & Migration from Guatemala to the United States

                Advisor:  Patricia Fernández Kelly

                Abstract:  Guatemalan migrants have settled in the United States in increasing numbers in search of economic, political, and social stability. In the 21st century, the number of migrants from Guatemala to the US has reached an all-time high due to increased gang-related violence in Central America; at the same time, the United States has become increasingly aggressive in policing its border and removing undocumented immigrants from its territory. This senior thesis uses a sociological lens to explore and analyze the lived experiences of Guatemalan migrants, particularly deported Guatemalans. Sojourners is presented in an order that mirrors many migrants’ exodus: departure from Guatemala, travel through Mexico, followed by arrival to– and ultimately, deportation from– the United States. Sojourners portrays migration from Guatemala as an intensely personal decision that is motivated and mediated by distinct sociological factors including social ties, a desire for safety and security, and economic pressures.

 

Paul Kinard ’19

                Department:  Neuroscience

Thesis Title:  Exploring Behavioral Oscillations with Endogenous Cues

                Advisors:  Sabine Kastner; Manoj Eradath

                Abstract:  Attention seeks to maximize processing of potentially relevant information from a vast array of available information. One process by which does so is by covertly sampling from multiple locations in the environment even during sustained attention in one location. Previous studies have reported these sampling behaviors producing consistent, rhythmic oscillations in behavioral measures when this attentional sampling process is reset with an exogenous cue. However, the origin of rhythmicity and the subsequent behavioral oscillations are not fully understood. It has been suggested that the sampling rhythms are generated by reset events such as external spatial cues. Here, we investigated potential changes in behavioral responses produced by having an endogenous color cue direct subject attention to a specific location during covert attention task instead of an external, exogenous cue. Subject behavioral performance was measured as a function of success in recognizing a contrast change, and response time to indicate they saw a contrast change, over the cue-target delay. These behavioral responses oscillated between 4-8 Hz (theta frequency range) at the non-cued locations. Increased probability to see targets at non-cued locations (increased sampling behavior) was also associated with greater relative pupil dilation, potentially indicating neural correlates in the ongoing rhythmic sampling. Through this investigation, we demonstrated that local spatial resetting events are not necessary for the origin of rhythmic sampling and that endogenous cue can reset attentional sampling and sync behavioral oscillations.

 

Helena Klevorn ’19

                Department:  Art and Archaeology

Thesis Title:  “The Devil Wears Dada”: Commentary on Fashion and the Fashion System in Dada

                Advisor:  Brigid Doherty

 

Chitra Kumar ’19

                Department:  Spanish and Portuguese

Thesis Title:  #AbortoLegalYa: Analyzing the History of Abortion in Argentina and Its Political, Legal, and Clinical Consequences

                Advisor:  Alberto Bruzos Moro

                Abstract:  In 2018, a feminist movement to legalize abortion in Argentina was presented to the Senate. Even though activists had been working for years on the topic of abortion, it was not until 2018 that the bill passed the Chamber of Deputies. It, however, failed to pass the Senate but it did manage to revitalize important debates around abortion in Argentina. To gain a better understanding of this topic, I first explore the history of abortion in Argentina up to the present law. I then examine the 2018 movement and how it affected different groups of people in Argentina including women, doctors, and pro-life and pro-choice activists. After looking at the structural and societal reasons responsible for the failure of the bill, I analyze the role of abortion in Argentina including the half million annual clandestine abortions that happen in Argentina and how they affect the health of women. This study, using data gathered from books, interviews, and online news articles demonstrates how the abortion law clearly discriminates against women of lower socioeconomic background and maintains the patriarchal structure in place.

 

Rachel Lim ’19

                Department:  Politics

Thesis Title:  Collecting Moral Debt: A Case Study of the Korean Colonial Reparation Movement

                Advisor:  Kristopher Ramsay

 

Rachel Linfield ’19

                Department:  History

Thesis Title:  A Bundle of Sadness: Medicalization of Postpartum Depression

                Advisor:  Erika Milam

 

Heather Milke ’19

                Department:  French and Italian

                Certificate Program:  Translation and Intercultural Communication Program

Thesis Title:  Tales of Rowing on the Seine: Selected Stories of Guy de Maupassant

                Advisor:  Göran  Blix

                Abstract:  Guy de Maupassant, connu pour l’écriture des nouvelles, se servait de ses expériences personnelles dans la société du XIXe siècle pour inventer ses histoires. Entre 1875 et 1881, Maupassant passait beaucoup de temps sur la Seine aux environs de Paris. Fatigué de son travail comme fonctionnaire et de la vie dans une grande ville, il quittait Paris le soir ou le weekend afin d’avoir les loisirs dans la campagne. Ici, dans les villes comme Argenteuil, Chatou et Sartrouville, Maupassant canotait et nageait dans la Seine, puis il dînait et buvait avec ses amis dans les guinguettes. Maupassant a écrit plusieurs histoires au sujet de ses expériences sur la Seine. Il n’existe pas de collection de contes de Maupassant en anglais qui le focalise sur ces thèmes du canotage et du loisir sur la Seine. Cette thèse est une collection de cinq contes de Maupassant où le Seine est au centre du récit, traduite en anglais.

 

Chelsea Ng ’19

                Department:  Economics

Thesis Title:  Surviving on Three Wheels & Two Feet: An Economic Exploration of Indonesia’s Urban Informal Sector—Investigating the Associations of Various Characteristics on the Income of Street Vendors in Jakarta

                Advisor:  Henrik Kleven

                Abstract:  Despite the visibility and widespread eminence of the informal sector in Indonesia, official census data focusing on incomes at the street-vending level remain negligible. Recent discourse surrounding the linkages of the informal economy with the formal sector is inconclusive and the importance of street-vending is controversial. Although street-vending is considered both as a survival strategy for the poor and source of livelihood and income-generation, it is often considered an urban problem. By grounding my research in existing but limited empirical studies and past literature on developing countries, I use the case of Jakarta, Indonesia, to employ a mixed-methods research design with primary & secondary data to explore potential associations of background & demographics characteristics, business-related characteristics, and livelihood characteristics with levels of income generated amongst street-vendors. Primary data is obtained from 150 street-vendors, and secondary data is derived from official census data of IPUMS-International. The methodology adopts a descriptive statistical analysis as the qualitative method, and employs empirical strategy to obtain some quantitative insights. By the nature of the fieldwork and due to limited observations, the paper overall provides a suggestive and descriptive evidence at best. Some key insights are derived from livelihood characteristics (i.e. financial inclusivity) on levels of income generated, as well as interesting nuances when income is contextualized as a ratio of Indonesia’s minimum wage. The unintended effects of relocation that this paper investigates attempts to shed light for policymakers to better evaluate regulations placed on Indonesia’s informal sector.

 

Jamie O’Leary ’19

                Department:  Anthropology

                Certificate Program:  Program in Gender and Sexuality Studies

Thesis Title:  Duma Doyal Ci Maam Maryaama: Ins and Outs of Gendered Embodiment in a Senegalese Daara

                Advisor:  Rena Lederman

                Abstract:  This ethnography explores the gendered and multidirectional relationships between interiors and bodies in Daara Yacine, a Sufi daara (Quranic school) in Senegal. Beliefs and daily practices in the daara center around Maryaama (the Quranic Mary), who serves as proof that women are superior to men and whose example is performatively embodied by all Daara Yacine students. This thesis discusses the nuances and complexities of gendered interior/exterior dichotomies through its analyses of the community’s gendered division of labor, the ongoing story of Maryaama, the sometimes-contradictory relationships between gendered interiors and sexed exteriors, and the embodied and affective practices of song and dance. In Daara Yacine, boundaries between interior, body, and social world are drawn and complicated, their interstices becoming sites of both incongruity and harmony.

 

Camden Olson ’19

                Department:  Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

                Certificate Program:  Application of Computing

Thesis Title:  Service Dog Tales: A Tri-fold Study Investigating Diabetic Alert Dog Accuracy, the Use of Animal-Assisted Therapy to Address Executive Functioning Skills, and the Function of Calming Signals in Service Dog Puppies

                Advisor:  Christina Riehl

                Abstract:  This thesis explores three distinct studies with a common theme of addressing service dogs. The first study investigates diabetic alert dog accuracy and the effect of environment and time of day. A diabetic alert dog (DAD) is a service dog trained to alert a Type 1 diabetic to out of range blood glucose episodes. While DAD accuracy has been debated, this study supports the use of DADs as effective tools for diabetes management. DADs were found to alert to 79% of hypoglycemic episodes when false alerts were included, and 88% when false alerts were not included. DAD accuracy rates improved during community outings but decreased in the car and at night, suggesting a need for further training.The second study examines the efficacy of an after-school program to improve executive functioning skills (EF) in middle school students by teaching students how to train service dogs. The effect of dogs on EF and on middle school students has previously not been well addressed. Students showed improvements in EF based on self-report forms, but parent evaluation of students did not show a change. This difference suggests that students may have increased confidence in themselves but not tangible improvements in EF.The third study explores the functions of calming signals, particularly lip licking, in future service dogs. Calming signals were introduced by dog trainer Turid Rugaas, who claimed calming signals were used for communicative purposes, for diffusing tension, and for destressing one’s self. Existing research supports the first two functions, but the third function does not have definitive evidence. Future service dog puppies completed three temperament tasks and were analyzed for behavior and calming signals. This study supported the use of lip licking for communication purposes, but was inconclusive regarding the use of lip licking for self-calming.

 


Diana Ortiz ’19

                Department:  Psychology

Thesis Title:  The Bilingual Language Learning Experience: An Investigation of the One-Parent-One-Language Strategy in Bilingual Toddlers

                Advisor:  Casey Lew-Williams

                Abstract:  In early bilingual environments, infants hear and learn two languages from the people they interact with. Bilingual parents are often concerned that learning two languages at once may cause confusion or learning delays for their children, and may follow either a “one-parent-one-language” strategy or use both languages to promote effective language learning at home. However, it is not widely understood how bilingual children learn two languages from different speakers in their environment. One potential challenge for bilingual children is that they have to learn that more than one word can be used to label objects in both languages. To understand this phenomenon, our study assessed 30-42-month-old English-Spanish bilingual toddlers and their ability to learn two labels, one in each language, from different speakers. Across two testing sessions, we examined two different conditions, one in which each speaker used one language consistently, and one in which both speakers used both languages. Using the Looking-While-Listening paradigm, bilingual toddlers were taught two labels for a novel object (one in English and one in Spanish), and then tested on their ability to identify the target word-object pairings. Our results showed that bilingual toddlers are able learn two labels for a single object as expected. We also found that toddlers learn words more effectively in their dominant language than their non-dominant language. Overall, this research suggests that the early language environment shapes learning by the relative amount of each language that children hear, which has a larger impact on word learning compared to who speaks each language. Keywords: bilingual children, word learning, parental language input, one-parent-one-language strategy, early language environment

 

Nicole Ozdowski ’19

                Department:  Physics

Thesis Title:  Depth-dependent Clustering of Hadronic Showers at the LHC

                Advisor:  Christopher Tully

                Abstract:  The hunt at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) for new physics beyond the Stan dard Model pushes the collider’s current limits. Searching for new physics implies a need for high luminosity, which poses immense challenges for the collider detec tors that will have to record the information for approximately 200 proton-proton collisions in 25 nanosecond intervals. At the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS), one of the four major experiments at the LHC, the hadron calorimeter (HCAL) is undergoing signi?cant hardware upgrades in order to facilitate the search for new physics. The current method used to separate and measure the energy of hadronic showers (from pions, for example) degrades rapidly as the probability for the spa tial overlap of pion showers grows with increasing luminosity. Accessing segments of the detector in three-dimensions with depth-dependent clustering would allow us to leverage low occupancy region of the hadron calorimeter to improve the separation of hadronic showers. Reconstructing these showers more accurately will help us better identify the hadronic particles coming from elementary particle interactions produced in LHC collisions and ultimately to better understand ele mentary particle physics and perhaps address questions that are still unanswered by the Standard Model.

 

Sarah Pacilio ’19

                Department:  Politics

Thesis Title:  Explaining Regional Variation in Health Care Access for Undocumented Migrants: Sweden

                Advisor:  Rafaela Dancygier

 

Rae Perez ’19

                Department:  School of Architecture

                Certificate Program:  Urban Studies Program

Thesis Title:  Closure & Afterlife: Reimagining Shuttered Schools in Chicago

                Advisors:  M. Christine Boyer; Aaron Shkuda

                Abstract:  In 2013, the Chicago Public School (CPS) system shut down or phased out 49 elementary schools, claiming their space was underutilized. 88% of students affected by the closures were African American, and the decision represented to many another blow in a long history of disinvestment by city officials. This unprecedented wave of closures not only disrupted the lives of students experiencing them, but also the neighborhoods surrounding the shuttered schools. Many of the schools, formidable in size and central in location, have long histories as community anchors, serving as practical and symbolic sites of social cohesion. The deactivation of those sites causes trauma to communities and generates insecurity as citizens are left to wonder what the futures of the buildings will be. The sale and development of the properties have been carried out within Chicago’s aldermanic system under an opaque and exclusionary process. While research about Chicago’s closures have centered mainly on the educational impacts of the decision, this thesis analyzes the repurposing of the leftover school buildings with an attention to process over outcome. The case of Overton Elementary shows the importance of considering social and historical context in the repurposing of schools. Through interviews, site visits, and archival research, I studied the history and present context of Overton in order to connect its past to its emerging future. In light of the destructiveness of school closures, I propose a more participatory process in the reimagining of these spaces in Chicago and beyond.

 

Luca Rade ’19

                Department:  Independent Concentration

Thesis Title:  Extended Emulation Theory

                Advisor:  Simon Levin

 

Lucas Ramos ’19

                Department:  History

Thesis Title:  Queering Fascism: The Case of Italian Mickey Mouse & Its Others (1928-1957)

                Advisor:  Gyan Prakash

                Abstract:  Walt Disney’s Mickey Mouse translated into an unlikely enemy for Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini’s fascist regime (1922-1945). Topolino—the Italianized Mickey Mouse comic strip—represented a subversion to fascist conceptions of nation-building that the Ministry of Popular Culture ultimately banned. While there exist analyses of the American comic form as a threat to italianità, there has yet to be a micro-history of Italian Mickey. American Mickey fought the Nazis on secret missions, but Italian Mickey transformed from rodent to human, called Tuffolino, whose brief legacy (1942-1943) provides insight into fascist ideology itself. I read this mouse-turned-propagandist icon through the lens of queer theory, for Mickey was purified of its Italian-American, animal-human “doubleness” and made into an Italian male human. To understand Mickey as a transnational body that has its “humanness” queered by the fascist regime speaks to how fascism attempts to absorb and neutralize what it considers foreign others. Paradoxically, this strategy places the queerness inherent to foreign signifiers at the center of fascism, breaking the regime’s insularity. This micro-history begins with the birth of Mickey in 1928, its sensationalism in Italy, and the copyright battles among the largest Italian publishing houses. I aim to describe the conflict that the mouse represented here: an American patriot who is ethnically global; the fight for publishing houses to legally incorporate the mouse despite their obedience to the regime; the emergence of Tuffolino; and the post-fascist reconstruction of Italian identity that would see Italian-American Mickey’s identity celebrated.

Jake Reichel ’19

                Department:  Computer Science

                Certificate Program:  Program in Technology & Society, Technology Track

Thesis Title:  Understanding User Privacy and Social Media Usage in South Africa

                Advisor:  Marshini Chetty

                Abstract:  Social media usage in the developing world continues to rise. However, research about the many associated privacy concerns remains limited to the study of social media use in more developed settings. In this study, I show how mobile social media users in South Africa are making use of the privacy settings and controls on social media platforms. I present findings from interviews of 52 current mobile social media users in South Africa, ranging from low-income users to upper-middle class users. Several themes emerged. First, users’ primary privacy-related concern was who else could see their posts and messages, not what data the platforms collect about them. Second, users displayed general knowledge gaps on both existing social media privacy settings and data collection efforts by advertisers. Third, users’ considerations for their own physical safety often shaped their attitudes towards privacy online. Fourth, usage of privacy settings and conceptions of privacy are heavily swayed by offline social factors, such as perceived intimacy of a platform and information sharing amongst friends. Based on these findings, I make recommendations for social media designers, companies, and regulators to ensure that user privacy is maintained on social media.

 

Paul Spiegl ’19

                Department:  Near Eastern Studies

Thesis Title:  Bashar al-Assad Accepts All: The Syrian Regime’s Propaganda Campaign During the Syrian Civil War

                Advisor:  Michael Reynolds

 

Richard Swanton ’19

                Department:  Art and Archaeology

Thesis Title:  Made in Milan: Corporate Sponsorship in the Restoration of the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II

                Advisor:  Carolyn Yerkes

                Abstract:  Many scholars have stated that the Galleria is a monument to the unification of Italy and a great step forward in the practice of urban development and building technologies. From its inception, the shopping arcade was created to be a means of transportation between two Milanese cultural landmarks, The Duomo and La Scala, but also as a place of stasis in which the newly developing upper middle class could encounter one another. Over the next 150 years, the Galleria has become home to boutiques displaying the names of great Italian fashion houses, such as Prada. In recent decades, the municipal government has lacked the funds for the upkeep of the building, and in 2014, Prada and Versace stepped up and earmarked a total of three million euros for the restoration of the interior. This thesis looks at the consequences of this restoration and how both the shopping arcade and the fashion houses symbiotically elevate the status of the other. The Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II has been the subject of numerous technical studies and has long been described as a cultural landmark and symbol of an Italian Identity. However, since its most recent restoration, there has been little literature that has focused on the transformation of the building. Namely, Louise de Vertuile frames the restoration in the context of the 2015 Milan expo and cites the restoration as an aspect of the overarching aims of the Expo’s theme of sustainability. Iva Stoyanova conducted her research on the underlying building technology of the Galleria and how this developed from the prototypic Parisian arcades.Aside from the published documentation of the restoration that was sponsored by the Municipality of Milan, there has only been chronicling of restoration process and little discussion of the lasting effects of the restoration.There was a resurgence in interest in the Galleria approaching the 150th anniversary, which coincided with the 2015 Milan expo. The Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II has been reexamined in its implementation of revolutionary building technology and spatial effects in an effort to give insight to the restoration process. Since the completion of the restoration, the published literature has focused on the “success” of the restoration due to the combine efforts of its sponsors and have intertwined this success with the aims of the 2015 Milan Expo. This thesis aims to build on this literature and offer a more focused analysis on the implications of this success in terms of the Galleria separate from the Milan Expo. In short, this thesis treats the Galleria as a separate entity capable of showing the pillars of the Milan’s progress as a gateway to industry and modernization. The first chapter of this thesis outlines the social and political conditions that brought about the construction of the Galleria and how this event was both influenced by previously constructed arcade structures as well as a need for urban redesign of the Piazza Duomo. I begin with an overview of the emergence of the arcade as a building type in the early nineteenth century to underscore the function of the building as more than a solid-mass monument. Using Geist’s history of the arcade building type I highlight the key similarities and differences between the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II and its other European predecessors. This chapter ends the process by which the Galleria was constructed. The second chapter discusses the theories regarding architectural language. This begins with the writings of Claude-Nicolas Ledoux and pose the French arcade as a plausible response to those writing. I then move to an in-depth description of the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II in order to dissect that language as being representative of Milanese tradition and history. The third chapter outlines the 2014-2015 restoration of the Galleria and places this case against other instances of landmark restoration funded by Italian fashion houses. By discussing the respective histories, the restoration’s benefactors, Prada and Versace, I support the claim that these were the ideal candidates to undertake this specific project. I conclude that in restoring the internal and external facades of the Galleria, as well as occupying the central octagon spaces in the shopping arcade, these two fashion houses complete the realization of the arcade as a microcosm of Milan.

 

Rachel Todd ’19

                Department:  Spanish and Portuguese

                Certificate Program:  Latin American Studies Program

Thesis Title:  La Maldición de Antioquia: Stigma, Illness Metaphors, and Caregiver Narratives of Early-Onset Alzheimer's Disease in Colombia

                Advisor:  Rafael Sánchez-Mateo Paniagua

                Abstract:  This thesis explores the biological and humanistic aspects of early-onset familial Alzheimer’s Disease (EOFAD) in Antioquia, Colombia, where the world’s largest population of EOFAD patients’ lives. I first present a biological introduction of the disease and the genetic mutation, PSEN1 E280A, which causes EOFAD in this population. Next, I discuss several interviews of caregivers that I conducted throughout the Antioquia region, which provides insight into the EOFAD caregiver experience and gives a voice to a population that is often ignored or left unconsidered. In the third chapter, a new tool I designed for illness metaphor research and the results of its first use are described and analyzed, and this discussion helps elucidate the social stigma of EFOAD and the nuances of the illness within the context of Antioquia. Finally, an analysis of recent media coverage highlights how stigma is propagated through society and how illness metaphors vary between disease representations rendered by caregivers—people who work regularly with the disease—and those produced by media.

 

Nicole Wedel ’19

                Department:  Psychology

Thesis Title:  Approach Not Avoid: Validation of Data-Driven Computational Models of Trustworthiness Unconfounded by Attractiveness

                Advisor:  Alexander Todorov

                Abstract:  Trustworthiness judgments from faces influence key decisions such as approach/avoidance responses. In Experiment 1, we revalidated the Standard Trustworthiness Model, a data-driven computational model of trustworthiness, which visualizes impressions of trustworthiness (Oosterhof & Todorov, 2008). By applying the model to 25 novel facial identities, we showed that as model manipulation increases, both trustworthiness and attractiveness ratings of the faces increase. This finding exemplified that as the Halo Effect predicts, trustworthiness is confounded by attractiveness. In Experiment 2, we validated a new model: the Difference [trust - attr] Model, in which the attractiveness model was subtracted from the trustworthiness model. In Experiment 3, we introduced and validated an Orthogonal [trust ? attr] Model, in which trustworthiness was uncorrelated to attractiveness. Both of these models manipulated the perceived trustworthiness of faces while controlling for attractiveness. These new trustworthiness models in which attractiveness is trivial, open the door for researchers to examine what facial cues such as emotional expressions and typicality, in addition to attractiveness, influence trustworthiness impressions.

 

Jason West ’19

                Department:  French and Italian

Thesis Title:  Writing a Path Forward: Paulette Nardal, Suzanne Césaire and the Future of Martinique

                Advisors:  F. Nick Nesbitt; André Benhaïm

 

Sophie Wheeler ’19

                Department:  East Asian Studies

Thesis Title:  (Re)Constructing Tohoku: Iterations of Tabi in Post-March 11th, Tohoku Japan

                Advisor:  Franz Prichard

 

Alexandra Whiting ’19

                Department:  Neuroscience

Thesis Title:  Therapeutic Superheroes: Targeting Neurodegeneration via Neurotrophic Signaling Pathways

                Advisor:  Jeffry B. Stock

                Abstract:  Neurodegeneration is one of the most prominent diseases with no definitive cures in modern science to date. For years scientists have studied mechanisms to combat neurodegeneration—identifying key molecules and receptors involved in cell survival and apoptotic signaling—but no one has yet prevailed, until Dr. Frank Longo that is. Dr. Longo and his team at Stanford University are changing the trajectory of neurodegenerative therapeutics with a focus on “redirection” of degenerative signaling in the brain. Longo and team have identified two promising small molecule p75NTR and TrkB/C ligands which demonstrate capabilities to inhibit Alzheimer’s-related cell death while fortifying the remaining synapses against byproducts of degeneration. These molecules, namely “LM11A-31” and “BD10-2”, target the core of neurodegeneration (the signaling pathway) rather than the byproducts created in disease pathology. In this way, the LM11A-31 and BD10-2 small molecule therapeutics offer valuable insight into a hopeful future for combatting neurodegeneration. This thesis builds upon the research already conducted with the LM11A-31 therapeutic by investigating the therapetuic’s effects in a similar form of dementia (tauopathy mouse model) with the hopes of moving the small molecule into additional clinical trials targeting a broader class of neurodegeneration. Moreover, this thesis provides insight into another small molecule ligand in development by Dr. Longo, BD10-2, which targets TrkB/C signaling pathways with the goal of joining LM11A-31 in human clinical trials. Lastly, the research presented in this thesis investigates the effects of BD10-2 on microglia activation in the presence of neuroinflammation to gain insight into which pro-inflammatory and/or anti-inflammatory microglia phenotypes may be affected by treatment with BD10-2.

 

Tamar Willis ’19

                Department:  Art and Archaeology

                Certificate Program:  Program in Gender and Sexuality Studies

Thesis Title:  Perceptions and Rejections of Pop, Pornography, and Americanization in the Art of Tom Wesselmann

                Advisor:  Ann Marie Perl

 

Tea Wimer ’19

                Department:  Religion

Thesis Title:  “Make me love a stranger!”: Connecting Family and Community in an LGBTQ+ Church

                Advisor:  Jessica Delgado

 

Shun Yamaya ’19

                Department:  Politics

Thesis Title:  Voting Across the Government: An Exit Poll Experiment in South Carolina

                Advisor:  Jonathan Mummolo

                Abstract:  Decades of political science research has focused on voter behavior. However, this literature often ignores the multifaceted nature of ballots. In elections, voters are making a series of choices across different levels of government, and recent work shows sizable shares of voters who defect from their national party choice, especially in local races. How do split-ticket voters and strict party loyalists differ? I use both Ballot Image Data and an original exit poll survey implemented in the 2018 South Carolina midterm election to show that ticket-splitters not only tend to be moderate, but also perceive candidates of the opposing party to be moderate. I experimentally show that both in partisan and non-partisan local races, voters regret their vote after learning local candidates’ policy positions. Together, these findings suggest that while partisanship is a strong heuristic on the long ballot, it does not guarantee issue congruence at the local level. Furthermore, in down-ballot races, voters are often not informed about their local candidates’ policy positions and instead candidate perception facilitates split-ticket voting.

 

Alis Yoo ’19

                Department:  History

                Certificate Program:  American Studies Program

Thesis Title:  “An Admirable Cross between Fellow Toilers”: Reframing the Rhetoric and Reality of Chinese-Irish Relations during the Chinese Exclusion Era, 1850-1902

                Advisor:  Rosina Lozano

 

Rebecca Yuste-Golob ’19

                Department:  Art and Archaeology

                Certificate Program:  European Cultural Studies Program

Thesis Title:  Are We Postmodern?: The Architectural Exhibition in Late Twentieth-Century France

                Advisor:  Carolyn Yerkes

                Abstract:  In this thesis, examines four architectural exhibitions in 1980s Paris: Architectures en France: Modernité, post-modernité (1981), La modernité ou l’esprit du temps (1982), La modernité, un projet inachevé (1982) and Les Immateriaux (1985). It investigates the effects of postmodernism, and how the modern/postmodern debates played out in the sphere of the architectural exhibition. It is organized into three case studies, which each examine a facet of the exhibition: history, self-fashioning, and media.

Reuben Zeiset ’19

                Department:  School of Architecture

Thesis Title:  The Versus Populum of Sacred Forms: Church Architecture in Twentieth Century Germany

                Advisor:  Cameron  Wu

 

Yinan Zheng ’19

                Department:  Physics

Thesis Title:  Buckling of Geometrically Frustrated Frames: Spin Model Approaches and Finite Element Analysis

                Advisor:  Andrej Kosmrlj

                Abstract:  Spin models have been applied to predict the buckled configurations of various geometrically frustrated lattices. In this paper, we apply spin models to model buckling of the triangular and snub trihexagonal lattices under isotropic compression. We then test the validity of the spin model predictions by comparing them to experimental results and computational results using the finite element method (FEM). While finite element simulations often reveal small energy contributions that the spin models do not account for, the spin model predictions overall agree remarkably well with the FEM results.

 

Jessica Zhou ’19

                Department:  Psychology

Thesis Title:  Too Good to be True: Reevaluating the Role of Posed Stimuli in Emotion Recognition Tasks Using a High Frame Rate Database of Spontaneous and Posed Facial Expressions

                Advisor:  Alexander Todorov

                Abstract:  Emotion recognition studies predominately rely on posed stimuli, in which actors perform prototypical emotions on camera. These emotions are easy to recognize, but the stimuli are too good to be true representations of everyday emotional expressions. We hypothesized that spontaneous expressions of emotion seem more ambiguous than posed stimuli and are therefore harder to accurately identify. To assess our prediction, we created a new video database of spontaneous and posed facial expressions of the six basic emotions. Spontaneous emotions were extracted from recorded informal conversations between the subject and experimenter. After the conversation, the subject was asked to perform the posed emotions. The footage was then coded into a database of 592 expressions, and hosted on our own platform: identifyemotions.com. The platform was then used to conduct emotion identification tasks using subjects recruited from Amazon mTurk. We found that subjects were significantly better at identifying the basic emotions from posed stimuli than spontaneous stimuli. However, subjects were also generally more accurate at identifying the spontaneous expressions as real emotions than identifying the posed expressions as fake emotions. Since people can perceive the difference between spontaneous and posed expressions, we must reevaluate previous emotion recognition studies that employed posed stimuli. Additionally, our database established a new precedent for standardization in facial expression databases in terms of video quality, frame rate, and expression variety.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 








 

 

 

 

 

 

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